THE VALLEY OF TEMPLES
One of the most fascinating areas of Sicily is undoubtedly the famous Valley of the Temples, impressive testimony of the Magna Grecia in Sicily.Since 1997 the Valley of the Temples is on the list of World Heritage.
The park that welcomes it’s the largest archaeological park in the world: about 1300 hectares.
The Valley of the Temples contains ten Doric temples, shrines and three different cemeteries:
Montelusa, Moses, Pezzino, Roman necropolis and the tomb of Theron, Early Christian and Acrosoli.
They are also present in water projects like the garden of Kolymbetra and Hypogeum, fortifications and a part of a Hellenistic-Roman quarter. Among the places of meeting of ancient Greece, the Agora are lower near the temple of Olympian Zeus and the upper Agora in the museum complex. And still a Olympeion and Bouleuterion (boardroom) Roman era of Greek plan.
Temple of Concord
In the wonderful and enchanting Valley of the Temples, there where the story has remained intact and present, is the Temple of Concord.
It is a temple of the ancient Greek city of Akragas and was built in 430. C., has a square shape and covers an area of 843.38 square meters and extends for 13,481 meters high, really imposing measures which hand down the greatness of Greek civilization. The main cell was preceded by an antechamber very spartan with two columns and was followed by another hall, used as a treasurer of votive gifts and the archives of the temple.
The colonnade respects the classic models, with 6 by 13 columns, and each column is made up of 4 drums, with a bundle of 20 channels with a sharp edge.
The name of this temple was chosen by the historian Fazello who found a Latin inscription nearby dedicated to the Concordia of Agrigentini, but that has nothing to do with it. In 597 the Temple of Concord was transformed into a Christian basilica by Bishop Gregory.
Such as the Temple of Hera that of the Concordia was built on a solid base, built in order to limit the unevenness of the rocky terrain.
The excellent condition of this temple is one of the sacred buildings of the most remarkable classical. The interior and the exterior of the temple were covered with a white stucco finish highlighted by polychrome elements, the twelve arches that can be seen were dug in the cell walls and tombs carved into the floor date back to the period when the Temple was transformed in the basilica. Getting to this place is like stepping back in time, the magnificence envelops you and makes you relive the magical ancient atmosphere, makes you feel the pathos of those who in faith and admiration went to these places, once in Agrigento is impossible not to visit the Valley of the Temples and temple of Concordia.
It is highly recommended to visit the Temple of Concord and the entire Valley of the Temples to not miss one of the most beautiful places that Sicily offers.
Temple of Juno (Hera Lacinia)
On the highest point of the Valley of the Temples hill is the temple of Juno, Hera Lacinia, founded in 460 BC, a magnificent temple whose columns had a direct impact on four steps, built with twenty slots and four drums. Inside the temple are the Pronao, the cell or Naos, where the traces of the fire caused by the Carthaginians in 406 BC are still visible, and the opisthodomos.
On the sides of the compartment door were the stairs to the roof while the base with three steps on the bottom was added at a later date.
On the east side of the altar remains are preceded by a staircase of ten steps leading to the floor where they celebrated the sacrifices.
The restorations that this temple has undergone many are from the end of the eighteenth century until the last of 2000/2006. To the west of the temple is located Porta III of which today you can see very little because of the rocky ridge landslide. Originally this door was open in an oblique recess with respect to the line of fortifications and was struck by a still visible roadway. The defensive system, the late sixth century. BC, was reinforced during the fourth century. B.C. with an imposing tower of which today remains part of the collapse of the high. The attribution of this temple to Juno is due to an incorrect interpretation of a piece by a Latin author. How much beauty and charm as it encased in one of the most important temples of the story, where there were once performed sacrifices, there where men came to ask forgiveness or grace, there where time has swept away the small tracks with wind and with the rain but nothing has been against the monumentality of these ancient works.
Just few minutes from Agrigento and The Valley of the Temples is located Villa Concordia: strategically located close to Agrigento and the majestic archeological site Valley of the Temples, Concordia is an exclusive villa with private swimming pool, ideal for those seeking privacy, comfort and relaxation. This luxury villa is set in a pleasant rural area, hidden among the rocks, not too far from the beach and the city. Immersed in a luxuriant garden, the property consists of three buildings overlooking the large pool and a beautiful Jacuzzi.